This Handbook goals to function a study advisor to the archaeology of the Levant, a space located on the crossroads of the traditional global that associated the japanese Mediterranean, Anatolia, Mesopotamia, and Egypt. The Levant as used here's a historic geographical time period bearing on a wide zone which this present day includes the trendy states of Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, western Syria, and Cyprus, in addition to the West financial institution, Gaza, and the Sinai.
Unique in its remedy of the full quarter, it deals a entire review and research of the present nation of the archaeology of the Levant inside its greater cultural, historic, and socio-economic contexts. The instruction manual additionally makes an attempt to bridge the trendy scholarly and political divide among archaeologists operating during this hugely contested sector. Written via prime overseas students within the box, it focuses chronologically at the Neolithic via Persian sessions -- a time span in which the Levant used to be usually in shut touch with the imperial powers of Egypt, Anatolia, Assyria, Babylon, and Persia. This quantity will function a useful reference paintings for these drawn to a contextualised archaeological account of this sector, starting with the 10th millennium BCE 'agricultural revolution', till the conquest of Alexander the nice that marked the tip of the Persian period.
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Additional resources for The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Levant: c. 8000-332 BCE (Oxford Handbooks)
M. , and J. H. Hayes (2006). A historical past of historic Israel and Judah, second edn. Louisville, Ky. : Westminster John Knox Press. Sack, R. H. (2004). photographs of Nebuchadnezzar: The Emergence of a Legend, second edn. Selinsgrove, Penn. : Susquehanna collage Press. Saggs, H. W. F. (1955). Nimrud letters, 1952—Part II. Iraq 17: 126–60. Stern, E. (2001). Archaeology of the Land of the Bible, vol. 2: The Assyrian, Babylonian, and Persian classes, 732–332 BCE. manhattan: Doubleday. Strawn, B. A. , S. C. Melville, ok. Greenwood, and S. Noegel (2006). Neo-Assyrian and Syro-Palestinian texts II. In Chavalas (2006: 331–81). Studevent-Hickman, B. , S. C. Melville, and S. Noegel (2006). Neo-Babylonian interval texts from Babylonia and Syro-Palestine. In Chavalas (2006: 382–406). Tadmor, H. (1994). The Inscriptions of Tiglath-Pileser III King of Assyria: serious variation, with Introductions, Translations, and statement. Jerusalem: Israel Academy of Sciences and arts. Ussishkin, D. (1982). The Conquest of Lachish through Sennacherib. Tel Aviv: Institute of Archaeology, Tel Aviv college. van de Mieroop, M. (2004). A heritage of the traditional close to East ca. 3000–323 B. C. Malden, Mass. : Blackwell. Yamada, S. (2000). the development of the Assyrian Empire: A old examine of the Inscriptions of Shalmaneser III (859–824 B. C. ) on the subject of His Campaigns to the West. Leiden: Brill. bankruptcy eight ACHAEMENID PERSIA AND THE LEVANT JOSETTE ELAYI In 539 BC Cyrus the good overcame Nabonidus, the final Babylonian king, and the Levant fell into the Persian king’s arms. therefore begun the interval of Persian rule, that used to be to last longer than two hundred years, until eventually 332 BC. to be able to take into consideration the double viewpoint of archaeology (Iron III) and historical past (Persian period), the terminology selected right here for this era is the Iron III/Persian interval (Elayi and Sayegh 1998: 8–9). heritage offers an invaluable chronological framework, lately accomplished by means of the each year dated Sidonian coinage from 401 to 333 BC (Elayi 2006: 11–43), that furnishes important markers for each student operating during this box (Table eight. 1). in spite of the fact that, the heritage of the Levant within the Iron III/Persian interval is tough to reconstruct, first due to the paucity of our assets, in comparison with the former Neo-Assyrian and Neo-Babylonian classes and, much more, with the later Hellenistic interval. The Persian, Elamite, and Babylonian inscriptions offer a few info at the management of the Levant. lower than Achaemenid rule, Aramaic grew to become the common language for management, showing on monuments, ostraca, seals, and cash. even though, criminal deeds, lengthy bills, and information have been consigned to papyrus, and those files haven't been preserved as a result of the damp and salty soil of the Levantine coast. Inscriptions in different Northwest Semitic languages akin to Hebrew are infrequent, apart from Phoenician; Ammonite, Moabite, Edomite, and North and South Arabic inscriptions manage the tough challenge in their relationship within the Iron III/Persian interval. Greek and Cypriot syllabic inscriptions also are to be had, frequently for Cyprus.