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Extra resources for The Great Basin: A Natural Prehistory
Five. Indians of North America—Great Basin—Antiquities. 6. Paleo-Indians—Great collage of California Press, Ltd. Basin. 7. nice Basin—Antiquities. I. Grayson, Donald ok. London, England Desert’s previous. II. name. QE697. G8 2011 © 2011 via the Regents of the collage of California 508. 79—dc22 2010052100 The paper utilized in this booklet meets the minimal necessities of ANSI/NISO Z39. 48-1992 (R 1997)(Permanence of Paper). disguise picture: Black Rock wilderness, Nevada. photograph through the writer. grayson_fm. indd four 11/02/11 2:49 PM For Barbara, who used to be my lifestyles grayson_fm. indd five 11/02/11 2:49 PM grayson_fm. indd 6 11/02/11 2:49 PM CONTE NTS P R E FAC E ix half TH R E E AC okay N OWLE D G M E NTS xiii The past due Ice Age nice Basin PA R T ON E the good Basins 1. gaining knowledge of an excellent Basin / three bankruptcy Notes / nine 2. glossy Definitions of the good Basin / eleven The Hydrographic nice Basin / eleven The Physiographic nice Basin / 12 The Floristic nice Basin / 17 The Ethnographic nice Basin / 33 identifying an excellent Basin / forty bankruptcy Notes / forty PA R T T WO a few Ice Age heritage three. Glaciers, Sea degrees, and the Peopling of the Americas / forty five The Bering Land Bridge and the Human Arrival / forty five selecting the Earliest American Archaeology / fifty four The Earliest American Archaeology / fifty seven bankruptcy Notes / sixty three four. the tip of the North American Pleistocene: Extinct Mammals and Early Peoples / sixty seven The Mammals / sixty seven A be aware on Eurasian Extinctions / seventy three again to North the US / seventy four What prompted the Extinctions? / seventy nine bankruptcy Notes / eighty four five. The overdue Pleistocene actual atmosphere: Lakes and Glaciers / 87 smooth nice Basin Lakes / 87 Pleistocene Lakes within the nice Basin / ninety three nice Basin Glaciers / a hundred and twenty the connection among Pleistocene Glaciers and Lakes within the nice Basin / 124 Pluvial Lakes, Glaciers, and past due Pleistocene Climates / 127 bankruptcy Notes / a hundred thirty 6. overdue Pleistocene plants of the nice Basin / one hundred thirty five studying approximately old crops / a hundred thirty five 5 nearby photographs / 139 A normal examine overdue Pleistocene nice Basin plants / 159 nice Basin Conifers in Deeper historic point of view / 168 bankruptcy Notes / 169 7. overdue Pleistocene Vertebrates of the good Basin / 173 The Extinct past due Pleistocene Mammals of the good Basin / 176 Extinct overdue Pleistocene Birds / 181 Altered overdue Pleistocene Distributions of present nice Basin Mammals / 186 Why Are There Fishes in Devils gap, yet None within the nice Salt Lake? / 206 different Vertebrates / 210 bankruptcy Notes / 211 vii grayson_fm. indd 7 11/02/11 2:49 PM PA R T FOU R half S I X The final 10,000 Years Conclusions eight. the good Basin throughout the Holocene / 217 The Early Holocene (10,000 to 7,500 Years in the past) / 217 the center Holocene (7,500 to 4,500 Years in the past) / 242 The overdue Holocene (The final 4,500 Years) / 259 bankruptcy Notes / 282 10. the nice Basin at the present time and the next day / 341 Deer, Cougars, Porcupines, and farm animals / 341 extra classes from the previous / 342 the nice Basin this present day / 344 bankruptcy Notes / 344 AP P E N D I X 1: R E LATI O N S H I P B ETW E E N R advert I O motor vehicle B O N AN D CALE N DAR Y E A R S F O R PA R T F IVE T H E earlier 25,000 RAD I O motor vehicle B O N Y E A R S / three forty seven nice Basin Archaeology AP P E N D I X 2: C O N C O R DAN C E O F C O M M O N A N D S C I E NTI F I C P LANT NAM E S / 351 nine.