By Jodi Magness
This publication presents an creation to the archaeology and heritage of historical Palestine - smooth Israel, Jordan, and the Palestinian territories - from the destruction of Solomon's temple in 586 BCE to the Muslim conquest in 640 CE. distinctive cognizance is paid to the archaeology of Jerusalem and the second one Temple interval, for the time of Herod the nice and Jesus. for every interval, the e-book bargains a ancient historical past for the Mediterranean global and the traditional close to East, in addition to the occasions in Palestine. significant websites corresponding to Masada, Caesarea Maritima, and Petra are tested in archaeological and old element, besides the cloth tradition - cash, pottery, glass, and stone vessels - of every interval. This ebook offers an intensive evaluate of the archaeology of this traditionally vivid a part of the realm.
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Extra info for The Archaeology of the Holy Land: From the Destruction of Solomon's Temple to the Muslim Conquest
After the earthquake, the population wiped clean up the location and repaired the structures. After the fireplace, which turns out to were the results of an enemy assault, the population deserted the payment in short sooner than reoccupying it. The structures at Qumran The northern part of the payment is ruled through a two-story-high watchtower, so put as the major method of Qumran is from the north (Jerusalem and Jericho). The tower used to be accessed on the second-story point by way of 112 ᪉ The Archaeology of Qumran and the lifeless Sea Scrolls 6. four Cave four at Qumran. wood gangways from the encircling constructions, that can be raised in occasions of hassle, offering defense for these taking safe haven inside of. South of the tower, within the center of the payment, is a room that de Vaux pointed out as a scriptorium, or writing room. jumbled together with the cave in from the second-story point, de Vaux stumbled on items of lengthy, slim tables and benches made from dust brick and coated with plaster. He pointed out this room as a scriptorium as a result of presence of inkwells one of the particles, that are ᪉ 113 The Archaeology of the Holy Land 6. five desk and bench from the “scriptorium” at Qumran. From Roland de Vaux, Archaeology and the useless Sea Scrolls (Schweich Lectures, Oxford, 1973), Pl. XXIa. C The British Academy. Courtesy of the Israel Antiquities Authority. hardly chanced on on archaeological excavations in Israel. De Vaux’s identity has been the topic of dialogue, simply because within the historic Mediterranean and close to East scribes ordinarily squatted once they wrote, preserving the fabrics of their laps. The customized of sitting on a chair to write down at a desk (as we do at the present time) constructed later, in medieval monasteries. a few students have steered that the scribes sat on best of the tables and rested their ft at the benches, preserving the fabrics on their laps. this can be not likely as the tables, that are made up of dust brick and are concave at the backside, might have cracked lower than the burden. as a result, 114 ᪉ The Archaeology of Qumran and the lifeless Sea Scrolls 6. 6 damaged dishes within the pantry at Qumran. From Roland de Vaux, Archaeology and the lifeless Sea Scrolls (Schweich Lectures, Oxford, 1973), Pl. Xa. C The British Academy. a few students have urged that the room was once now not a scriptorium yet was once used for another goal, comparable to a triclinium (dining room) within which diners reclined at the benches and the foodstuff used to be set at the tables. the matter with this conception is that the benches are so slender (only approximately 15 inches large) that anybody attempting to recline on them could have rolled off! even though we don't know the way the furnishings was once used, de Vaux’s interpretation turns out the main most probably due to the inkwells, that are tough to give an explanation for another way. moreover, the lengthy, slender tables could were like minded for the guidance of scrolls, offering a floor on which to put the items of parchment. accordingly, the various lifeless Sea Scrolls could have been written or copied during this room. you will need to notice that a number of the useless Sea Scrolls should have been dropped at Qumran from in different places, simply because a few of them antedate (were written ahead of) the institution of the cost.