By Ron Field
After a long time of anti-slavery job in 19th century the US, the Abolitionists came across a hero who martyred himself, leading to the yank Civil War.
On October sixteen, 1859 John Brown led a small "army" of 18 males, including thirteen whites and 5 blacks, into Harpers Ferry, Virginia. 3 different contributors of his strength shaped a rearguard at a close-by Maryland farm. A veteran of the violent struggles among seasoned- and antislavery forces in Kansas in the course of 1855-56, Brown meant to impress a normal rebellion of African american citizens that will result in a uprising opposed to slavery. The raiders seized the Federal structures, together with an armory and arsenal, and lower the telegraph wires. although, they did not discover that extra guns were got rid of to security after flooding on the corridor Rifle manufacturing facility. watching for neighborhood slaves to hitch them, Brown and his males fortified themselves within the fireplace Engine condominium whereas the well-armed townspeople surrounded the development. The raiders and the civilians exchanged gunfire, and 8 of Brown's males have been killed or captured. through first light on October 18, a battalion folks Marines below the command of destiny accomplice commander Brevet Colonel Robert E. Lee, with First Lieutenant James Ewell Brown "Jeb" Stuart as moment in command, stormed Brown's place in a fireplace engine apartment and captured or killed so much of his strength. 5 of the conspirators, together with Brown's son Owen, escaped to defense in Canada and the North. significantly wounded and brought to the penitentiary in Charlestown, Virginia, John Brown stood trial for treason opposed to the commonwealth of Virginia, for homicide, and for conspiring with slaves to insurgent. On November 2, 1859, a jury convicted him and sentenced him to loss of life. Brown without problems authorised the sentence and declared that he had acted in response to God's commandments. Responding to power rumours of extra uprising and written threats, Henry A. clever, governor of Virginia, referred to as out the nation military to protect opposed to a potential rescue of Brown and his fans. Brown was once hanged in Charlestown later that day, with John Wilkes sales space and Thomas (later "Stonewall") Jackson between those that witnessed the event.
The Harpers Ferry raid proven for plenty of Southerners the life of a common Northern plot opposed to slavery. in truth, Brown had raised money for his raid from Northern abolitionists. To arm the slaves, he ordered 1000 pikes from a Connecticut manufactory. Letters to Governor clever betrayed the combined emotions humans held for Brown. For a few, he was once easily insane and shouldn't be hanged. For others, he was once a martyr to the reason for abolition, and his fast trial and execution mirrored the phobia and conceitedness of the Virginia slave-owning aristocracy. Many Northerners condemned Brown's activities yet concept him correct in his conviction that slavery needed to finish. the loo Brown Raid on Harpers Ferry and his execution extra polarized North and South and made an answer of the slavery factor vital to the nationwide debate which finally ended in Civil warfare in 1861.