These twenty papers devoted to Mike Tite concentration upon the translation of old artefacts and applied sciences, relatively throughout the program of fabrics research. tools from the human eye to mass spectrometry supply insights right into a diversity of applied sciences starting from classical alum extraction to Bronze Age wall portray, and canopy fabrics as various as niello, flint, bronze, glass and ceramic. Ranging chronologically from the Neolithic via to the medieval interval, and geographically from Britain to China, those case experiences offer an extraordinary evaluation in order to be of worth to scholars, lecturers and researchers with an curiosity in early fabric culture.
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Extra info for From Mine to Microscope: Advances in the Study of Ancient Technology
Philips, J. Bourriau and L. Smith), 93–112, Oxbow Books, Oxford. Tait, H. , ed. , 1991, 5 thousand years of glass, British Museum Press, London. bankruptcy 11 old copper pink glasses: research and research via microbeam options D. J. Barber1, I. C. Freestone2 and okay. M. Moulding3 summary 4 old purple glasses starting from the 14th century BC to the eleventh century advert were studied via electron micro-beam equipment, which will ensure the origins in their colors. Analytical transmission electron microscopy was once the most device hired, yet scanning electron microscopy, electron spectroscopy and time-of-flight imaging secondary ion mass spectrometry have been extensively utilized. The crimson colors of 2 of the glasses, a mosaic tessera from Hadrian’s Villa (Tivoli, Italy) and an ingot from Nimrud, Mesopotamia, are frequently attributed to light-scattering through debris of cuprite, Cu2O. The significant scattering debris within the different glass samples, a Byzantine tessera from a church on the Parthenon, Greece and a cane from inform el Amarna, Egypt are submicron-sized colloids of steel copper. All 4 glasses include exsolved crystals of halite, NaCl and so they produce other inhomogeneities. The halite crystals and different positive aspects are notion to have little impact at the colour of the glasses yet have power implications for the research of early glass expertise. Our findings recommend that the copper crimson colours accomplished by means of historic artisans aren't brought on by any unmarried mechanism of chromatic dispersion or absorption. specifically, the prevalence of basic cuprite debris on a sub-micron scale within the Tivoli pattern means that the character of the prompted part is probably not continuously at once with regards to copper and lead contents, resulting in a few unpredictability within the ultimate color. creation someday within the past due Eighties, Mike Tite regarded that transmission electron microscopy had major capability within the research of early fabrics. during developing a undertaking at the microscopy of ceramic our bodies, he brought of the current authors, a colleague from his time on the college of Essex and a member of his employees on the British Museum. This creation triggered an on-going collaboration at the microscopy of glazes and glasses and it's a excitement to offer this paper in his Festschrift. using copper crimson as a pigment for the color of glass looks to originate at in regards to the comparable time because the earliest glass vessels, within the close to East in round the 16th century BC (e. g. Vandiver 1982). for the reason that that point, copper-coloured opaque purple glass has been utilised more-or-less constantly within the construction of vessels, beads and enamels. whereas the construction of translucent (“ruby”) copper pink glass used to be very tough to early glass makers, a translucent pink impression used to be occasionally received by way of flashing a skinny layer of opaque purple glass onto a colourless glass substrate, as within the ecclesiastical glass home windows of medieval Europe.