By Stanley Pierson
An introductory bankruptcy surveys an prior degree of that disenchantment by way of interpreting the attraction of Nietzsche and his thought of the superman to Marxist intellectuals in all of the significant eu socialist events, focusing fairly on those that have misplaced self belief within the redemptive old function of the proletariat. In learning the ideological trajectory of De guy, Horkheimer, and Kolakowski, the writer identifies the typical dilemmas they confronted of their efforts to increase the Marxist reason. these dilemmas arose largely out of the conflict among their bourgeois moral sensibilities and the materialistic and deterministic outlook of orthodox Marxism. This conflict offers a connecting hyperlink among the 3 generations of Marxist intellectuals handled within the study.
The writer additionally discusses the aftermath of those 3 models of ideological disenchantment—the makes an attempt of every of those intellectuals to reconstruct a view of the realm following the dissolution of his Marxist religion. The ebook concludes via putting Marxism in a vast historic context, and increases questions about its place—and that of the utopian mind's eye in general—within Western civilization.