By Sybil Gordon Kantor
Growing to be up with the 20 th century, Alfred Barr (1902-1981), founding director of the Museum of recent artwork, harnessed the cataclysm that used to be modernism. during this book—part highbrow biography, half institutional history—Sybil Gordon Kantor tells the tale of the increase of recent artwork in the USA and of the guy liable for its triumph. Following the trajectory of Barr's profession from the Nineteen Twenties in the course of the Nineteen Forties, Kantor penetrates the myths, either confident and adverse, that encompass Barr and his achievements.
Barr fervently believed in a cultured in keeping with the intrinsic characteristics of a piece of artwork and the fabrics and strategies all for its production. Kantor exhibits how this formalist process used to be expressed within the organizational constitution of the multidepartmental museum itself, whose collections, exhibitions, and guides all expressed Barr's imaginative and prescient. while, she exhibits how Barr's skill to reconcile classical objectivity and mythic irrationality allowed him to understand modernism as an open-ended phenomenon that elevated past purist summary modernism to incorporate surrealist, nationalist, realist, and expressionist art.
Drawing on interviews with Barr's contemporaries in addition to on Barr's vast correspondence, Kantor additionally paints shiny pictures of, between others, Jere Abbott, Katherine Dreier, Henry-Russell Hitchcock, Philip Johnson, Lincoln Kirstein, Agnes Mongan, J. B. Neumann, and Paul Sachs.
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269 fifty two. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Brick kingdom condo, 1924, ground-floor plan. 270 fifty three. Theo van Doesburg, Rhythms of a Russian Dance, 1918. 271 fifty four. Carl Van Vechten, Philip Johnson (no date). 278 fifty five. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Brick state residence, 1924, elevation (drawing not extant). 285 fifty six. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Concrete workplace development, 1923, point of view. 286 fifty seven. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Skyscraper in Glass and metal, Berlin, 1922, version (no longer extant). 287 fifty eight. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, place of work construction in Glass and metal, Friedrichstrasse, Berlin, 1921, pageant undertaking. 288 fifty nine. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Tugendhat residence, Brno, Czechoslovakia, 1928–1930. 289 60. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Philip Johnson’s house, c. 1930. 290 xiii record OF ILLUSTRATIONS sixty one. Works through Frank Lloyd Wright, set up view on the exhibition “Modern structure: foreign Exhibition,” Museum of recent artwork, February 10–March 23, 1932. 301 sixty two. set up view of the exhibition “Machine Art,” Museum of recent artwork, March 5–April 29, 1934. 304 sixty three. set up view of the exhibition “Bauhaus: 1919–1928,” Museum of contemporary paintings, December 7, 1938–January 30, 1939. 311 sixty four. install view of the exhibition “Cubism and summary Art,” Museum of recent paintings, March 2–April 19, 1936. 315 sixty five. set up view of the exhibition “Fantastic paintings, Dada, Surrealism,” Museum of recent artwork, December 7, 1936–January 17, 1937. 316 sixty six. Kazimir Malevich, primary Suprematist point, 1916–1917. 329 sixty seven. Pablo Picasso, status lady Nude, 1910. 332 sixty eight. Piet Mondrian, Composition in Brown and grey, 1913–1914. 333 sixty nine. Pablo Picasso, Seated lady, Paris, 1927. 336 70. Meret Oppenheim, item, 1936. 338 seventy one. Pablo Picasso, Nudes, Paris, past due 1906. 342 seventy two. Pablo Picasso, Les Demoiselles d’Avignon, Paris, 1907. 343 seventy three. Pablo Picasso, 3 Musicians, 1921. 346 seventy four. Nelson A. Rockefeller and Stephen C. Clark, 1939. 355 seventy five. install view of the exhibition “Fantastic artwork, Dada, Surrealism,” Museum of contemporary artwork, December 7, 1936. 356 seventy six. René d’Harnoncourt and Alfred H. Barr, Jr. , at d’Harnoncourt’s birthday celebration within the Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Sculpture backyard, Museum of recent artwork, 1961. 364 seventy seven. “Torpedo relocating via time” diagrams of the proper everlasting choice of the Museum of recent paintings, as complicated in 1933 and in 1941. 367 seventy eight. Alfred Barr, A. Conger Goodyear, and Cornelius N. Bliss with portray girl in White, because the Lillie P. Bliss Bequest is formally deeded to the Museum, 1934. 368 seventy nine. Pablo Picasso, lady ahead of a replicate, 1932. 370 eighty. Oskar Schlemmer, The Bauhaus Stairway, 1932. 372 eighty one. Henri Matisse, Dance (first version), 1909. 373 eighty two. Edward Hopper, condominium by means of the Railroad, 1925. 374 eighty three. Russell Lynes, Alfred Barr. 377 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This booklet grew out of my dissertation, and i'm thankful for the assistance of professors Milton W. Brown and Rose-Carol Washton lengthy on the Graduate heart of the town college of latest York, not just for his or her wisdom yet in particular for his or her endurance in seeing the venture to its success.